Tungsten Boride, WB
Silver white octagonal crystal.
Relative density 10.77, melting point about 2900℃.
Insoluble in water, soluble in aqua regia.
Boron and tungsten powder were co-heated to high temperature.
Tungsten boride has high melting point, high hardness, chemical stability and other
comprehensive properties. It is not only a new superhard material, but also has high
toughness. It is an important bulletproof material in military. Tungsten boride has
abundant phase diagrams, and the structure of different phases is also changeable.
For more than 50 years, tungsten's highest boride has been thought to be WB4,
which has a three-dimensional grid of boron atoms. The thermodynamic stability
and mechanical properties of the possible structural phases of the tungsten carbide
system were systematically studied by combining the first principle calculation with
the thermodynamic stability:
The highest boride for tungsten identification should be WB3 composed of 2-d planar
boron atoms, not WB4 composed of 3-D three-dimensional boron atom grids.
It is found that the shear modulus increases with the decrease of its forming energy
in the boride system of tungsten, revealing that the mechanical properties are closely
related to their thermodynamic stability.
Due to its unique mechanical, electrical and magnetic properties, tungsten boride has
attracted great attention in the basic research and application of material science.
Due to the low free diffusion coefficient of WB, at present, the synthesis of dense
tungsten diboride is mostly achieved through sintering under high temperature and
pressure. On the other hand, because B evaporates at high temperatures. Therefore,
the direct preparation of WB block materials with tungsten powder and boron
powder is difficult to control the boron content, and low borides (such as W2B)
may be generated in the sintering process, so that dense block materials with
WB as the main phase cannot be obtained completely.
Wear - resistant coating and semiconductor film for wear - resistant parts.